Carbon footprint scope 3

This table provides insight into the steps of making a carbon footprint. We adhere to the classification of the GHG Protocol that divides CO2 emissions into three scopes, with scope 3 consisting of 15 components. Start with your own business operations (scope 1, scope 2 and business travel). Expand with emissions in the chain (scope 3). If you want more explanation and examples, read the Stimular guide What to include in the carbon footprint”

The page Required data helps you fill in steps A and B.

Tips for scope 3:

Scopes and scope 3 categories CO2-parameters
A. Own business operations
  • Scope 1 Fossil fuels for company installations and vehicles and direct emissions of greenhouse gases1 other than CO2 such as methane, nitrous oxide and refrigerants
  • Scope 2 Energy carriers2 (electricity, heat and cold)
  • Scope 3-6 Business travel (by private vehicles, public transport, airplane)
Available in the Envirometer
B. Supply chain: easily measurable components that you can influence
  • Scope 3-7 Commuting
  • Scope 3-9 Downstream transport and distribution (outsourced freight transport and visitor traffic)
Available in the Environmeter
C. Supply chain: raw materials / purchasing (upstream emissions)
  • Scope 3-1 Purchased goods and services
  • Scope 3-2 Purchased capital goods
  • Scope 3-3 Fuel and energy-related activities (if not included in scopes 1 and 2)
  • Scope 3-4 Upstream transport and distribution
  • Scope 3-5 Processing of production waste
  • Scope 3-8 Upstream leased assets (if not included in scopes 1 and 2)
Add parameters based on, for example:
  • key figures of CO2 per euro spent
  • or CO2 figures of suppliers and service providers
  • or CO2 figures from LCAs of products
  • or databases with LCA data of products and services
D. Supply chain: other emissions (downstream emissions)
  • Scope 3-10 Processing of products sold
  • Scope 3-11 Use of products sold
  • Scope 3-12 End-of-life processing of products sold
  • Scope 3-13 Downstream leased assets
  • Scope 3-14 Franchisees
  • Scope 3-15 Investments
Add parameters based on, for example:
  • Estimation of energy consumption during usage of products supplied
  • or CO2 figures from LCAs of products
  • or footprints of chain partners, franchisees, investments
  • or databases with LCA data of products and services


  1. Scope 1 also includes direct emissions of methane, nitrous oxide, solvents and refrigerants that are released in specific sectors such as agriculture, wastewater treatment, the chemical industry and the refrigeration and air-conditioning industry.
  2. The CO2 emissions of energy carriers depend on the primary energy sources used to generate them.